Christ in the Old Covenant | Pastor Mike Fortune | May 12, 2012


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by Pastor Mike Fortune
May 12, 2012

YouTube: Logan Henderson

  1. The old covenant was not about rooms or furniture (Hebrews 9:1-5; Exodus 30:6; Hebrews 2:6)
  2. The old covenant was about Christ's sanctification, reconciliation, justification, and mission (Hebrews 9:6-8; Exodus 16:33; Ezekiel 20:12; 1 Peter 1:15-16; Leviticus 11:45; Leviticus 20:7-8 / Numbers 17:1-8; Leviticus 26:42,45,12 / Exodus 25:21-22; Romans 3:25; Exodus 34:1-7; Romans 4:5-7; Psalm 32:1-2; Isaiah 1:18; Micah 7:19 / Exodus 19:5-6; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 5:10; Psalm 67:1-2; Isaiah 26:18; Acts 13:46-47; Isaiah 49:3,6)
  3. The old covenant had the same Good News (Hebrews 9:9-10; Hebrews 4:2)

All Scripture from NLT

Hebrews 9:1-10
1That first covenant between God and Israel had regulations for worship and a place of worship here on earth. 2There were two rooms in that Tabernacle. In the first room were a lampstand, a table, and sacred loaves of bread on the table. This room was called the Holy Place. 3Then there was a curtain, and behind the curtain was the second room called the Most Holy Place. 4In that room were a gold incense altar and a wooden chest called the Ark of the Covenant, which was covered with gold on all sides. Inside the Ark were a gold jar containing manna, Aaron's staff that sprouted leaves, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 5Above the Ark were the cherubim of divine glory, whose wings stretched out over the Ark's cover, the place of atonement. But we cannot explain these things in detail now. 6When these things were all in place, the priests regularly entered the first room as they performed their religious duties. 7But only the high priest ever entered the Most Holy Place, and only once a year. And he always offered blood for his own sins and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance. 8By these regulations the Holy Spirit revealed that the entrance to the Most Holy Place was not freely open as long as the Tabernacle and the system it represented were still in use. 9This is an illustration pointing to the present time. For the gifts and sacrifices that the priests offer are not able to cleanse the consciences of the people who bring them. 10For that old system deals only with food and drink and various cleansing ceremonies—physical regulations that were in effect only until a better system could be established.

Exodus 30:6
6Place the incense altar just outside the inner curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant, in front of the Ark's cover—the place of atonement—that covers the tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant. I will meet with you there.

Hebrews 2:6
6For in one place the Scriptures say, "What are mere mortals that you should think about them, or a son of man that you should care for him?


Exodus 16:33
33Moses said to Aaron, "Get a jar and fill it with two quarts of manna. Then put it in a sacred place before the LORD to preserve it for all future generations. "34Aaron did just as the LORD had commanded Moses. He eventually placed it in the Ark of the Covenant—in front of the stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant.

Ezekiel 20:12 (NKJV)
12Moreover I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between them and Me, that they might know that I am the Lordwho sanctifies them.

1 Peter 1:15-16
15But now you must be holy in everything you do, just as God who chose you is holy. 16For the Scriptures say, "You must be holy because I am holy."

Leviticus 11:45
45For I, the LORD, am the one who brought you up from the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. Therefore, you must be holy because I am holy.

Leviticus 20:7-8
7So set yourselves apart to be holy, for I am the LORD your God. 8Keep all my decrees by putting them into practice, for I am the LORD who makes you holy.


Numbers 17:1-10
1Then the LORD said to Moses, 2"Tell the people of Israel to bring you twelve wooden staffs, one from each leader of Israel's ancestral tribes, and inscribe each leader's name on his staff. 3Inscribe Aaron's name on the staff of the tribe of Levi, for there must be one staff for the leader of each ancestral tribe. 4Place these staffs in the Tabernacle in front of the Ark containing the tablets of the Covenant, where I meet with you. 5Buds will sprout on the staff belonging to the man I choose. Then I will finally put an end to the people's murmuring and complaining against you." 6So Moses gave the instructions to the people of Israel, and each of the twelve tribal leaders, including Aaron, brought Moses a staff. 7Moses placed the staffs in the LORD's presence in the Tabernacle of the Covenant. 8When he went into the Tabernacle of the Covenant the next day, he found that Aaron's staff, representing the tribe of Levi, had sprouted, budded, blossomed, and produced ripe almonds! 9When Moses brought all the staffs out from the LORD's presence, he showed them to the people. Each man claimed his own staff. 10And the LORD said to Moses: "Place Aaron's staff permanently before the Ark of the Covenant to serve as a warning to rebels. This should put an end to their complaints against me and prevent any further deaths."

Leviticus 26:42,45,12
42Then I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land. 45For their sakes I will remember my ancient covenant with their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of all the nations, that I might be their God. I am the LORD." 12I will walk among you; I will be your God, and you will be my people.


Exodus 25:21-22
21Place inside the Ark the stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant, which I will give to you. Then put the atonement cover on top of the Ark. 22I will meet with you there and talk to you from above the atonement cover between the gold cherubim that hover over the Ark of the Covenant. From there I will give you my commands for the people of Israel.

Romans 3:25
25For God presented Jesus as the sacrifice for sin. People are made right with God when they believe that Jesus sacrificed his life, shedding his blood.

Exodus 34:1-7
1Then the LORD told Moses, "Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones. I will write on them the same words that were on the tablets you smashed. 2Be ready in the morning to climb up Mount Sinai and present yourself to me on the top of the mountain. 3No one else may come with you. In fact, no one is to appear anywhere on the mountain. Do not even let the flocks or herds graze near the mountain." 4So Moses chiseled out two tablets of stone like the first ones. Early in the morning he climbed Mount Sinai as the LORD had commanded him, and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands.5Then the LORD came down in a cloud and stood there with him; and he called out his own name, Yahweh. 6The LORDpassed in front of Moses, calling out, "Yahweh! The LORD! The God of compassion and mercy! I am slow to anger and filled with unfailing love and faithfulness. 7I lavish unfailing love to a thousand generations. I forgive iniquity, rebellion, and sin. But I do not excuse the guilty. I lay the sins of the parents upon their children and grandchildren; the entire family is affected—even children in the third and fourth generations."

Romans 4:5-7
5But people are counted as righteous, not because of their work, but because of their faith in God who forgives sinners.6David also spoke of this when he described the happiness of those who are declared righteous without working for it:7"Oh, what joy for those whose disobedience is forgiven, whose sins are put out of sight. 8Yes, what joy for those whose record the LORD has cleared of sin."

Psalm 32:1-2
1Oh, what joy for those whose disobedience is forgiven, whose sin is put out of sight! 2Yes, what joy for those whose record the LORD has cleared of guilt, whose lives are lived in complete honesty!

Isaiah 1:18
18"Come now, let's settle this," says the LORD. "Though your sins are like scarlet, I will make them as white as snow. Though they are red like crimson, I will make them as white as wool.

Micah 7:19
19Once again you will have compassion on us. You will trample our sins under your feet and throw them into the depths of the ocean!


Exodus 19:5-6
5Now if you will obey me and keep my covenant, you will be my own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; for all the earth belongs to me. 6And you will be my kingdom of priests, my holy nation.' This is the message you must give to the people of Israel."

1 Peter 2:9
9But you are not like that, for you are a chosen people. You are royal priests,* a holy nation, God's very own possession. As a result, you can show others the goodness of God, for he called you out of the darkness into his wonderful light.

Revelation 5:10
10And you have caused them to become a Kingdom of priests for our God. And they will reign on the earth."

Psalm 67:1-2
1May God be merciful and bless us. May his face smile with favor on us. 2May your ways be known throughout the earth, your saving power among people everywhere.

Isaiah 26:18
18We have not given salvation to the earth, nor brought life into the world.

Acts 13:46-47
46Then Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly and declared, "It was necessary that we first preach the word of God to you Jews. But since you have rejected it and judged yourselves unworthy of eternal life, we will offer it to the Gentiles. 47For the Lord gave us this command when he said, 'I have made you a light to the Gentiles, to bring salvation to the farthest corners of the earth.'"

Isaiah 49:3,6
3 He said to me, "You are my servant, Israel, and you will bring me glory." 6He says, "You will do more than restore the people of Israel to me. I will make you a light to the Gentiles, and you will bring my salvation to the ends of the earth."


Hebrews 4:2
2For this good news—that God has prepared this rest—has been announced to us just as it was to them. But it did them no good because they didn't share the faith of those who listened to God.